ANTH 130 Grossmont College Australopithecus Afarensis and Homo Erectus Paper Homo: The Humans During the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition the Homo genus ap

ANTH 130 Grossmont College Australopithecus Afarensis and Homo Erectus Paper Homo: The Humans

During the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition the Homo genus appeared in the fossil record. The Homo genus is a a continuation of the Gracile Australopithecines. Like those that came before, Homo is an obligate biped, but unlike its precursors Homo displays a unique set of physical adaptations along with behaviors that make the genus unique among hominins. To begin with, Homo and all its eventual lineages display hunting behaviors along with the associated stone tools necessary to process meat. At the same time, the creation and dependence on stone tools and other cultural technologies is a function of the increase in brain size that begins with the onset of Homo.

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Hunting, the new Homo subsistence pattern, required not just a new kind of mind set to create new cultural technologies but at the same time required a specialized hand that would allow for better manipulation of objects while being capable of resisting the unique physical pressures associated with making tools.

In addition, being able to run after prey became essential. The Homo genus was the first to display adaptations that allow for endurance running. The type of running that Homo becomes known for is not a type of running that allows us to be fast but rather it allows us to run for long distances at a pace which forces prey to undergo hyperthermia over the long run.

Your task for this activity will be to compare and contrast the locomotor features of Australopithecus afarensis to Homo erectus. You will accomplish this by answering the following.

Before you begin make sure view all relevant reading material so that you can give me informed opinions.

What anatomical features makes it possible for Homo erectus to be a biped runner.
Pick only one feature discussed in any of this week’s material that allowed Homo erectus to be a biped runner.
How is your chosen feature different from Australopithecus aferensis equivalent feature? Briefly explain the difference.
Lastly, I would like you to briefly explain in your own words how endurance running would enhance the fitness of the Homo genus.
Rubric

Some Rubric (5)

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDescription of criterionStudent will pick only one feature in this week’s material that allowed Homo erectus to be a biped runner.

2.0 pts

Full Marks

Student focused on only one feature that allowed Homo erectus to be a biped runner.

1.0 pts

No Description

Student did not focus on only one feature that allowed Homo erectus to be a biped runner.

0.0 pts

No Marks

Student did not answer the question

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDescription of criterionHow is your chosen feature different from Australopithecus aferensis equivalent feature? Briefly explain the difference.

3.0 pts

Full Marks

Student briefly compared their chosen bipedal running features with Australopithecus aferensis equivalent feature?

1.0 pts

No Description

Student failed to compare their chosen bipedal running features with Australopithecus aferensis equivalent feature?

0.0 pts

No Marks

Student did not answer the question

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDescription of criterionStudent briefly explained in their own words how endurance running would enhance the fitness of the Homo genus.

4.0 pts

Full Marks

Student briefly explained in their own words how endurance running would enhance the fitness of the Homo genus.

2.0 pts

No Description

Student failed to explain in their own words how endurance running would enhance the fitness of the Homo genus.

0.0 pts

No Marks

Student did not answer the question

4.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeNo DescriptionStudent will cite their information

1.0 pts

Full Marks

Student cited their information.

0.0 pts

No Marks

Student did not cite their information.

1.0 pts

Total Points: 10.0

I expect at least 90%.

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