Walden Advantages & Disadvantages of Using Qualitative & Quantitative Approaches Essay Write a 2- to 3-page narrative. In your narrative, be sure to respon

Walden Advantages & Disadvantages of Using Qualitative & Quantitative Approaches Essay Write a 2- to 3-page narrative. In your narrative, be sure to respond to the following:

Summarize what you have learned about the similarities and differences among the approaches.
Describe how what you’ve learned by developing the matrix has allowed you to choose the approach that you plan to use for your research plan in this course.- see attached
Identify the approach you intend to use for your research question. see attached
Describe your rationale for your choice of approach.
Narrative Inquiry

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Blustein, D. L., Kozan, S., & Connors-Kellgren, A. (2013). Unemployment and underemployment: A narrative analysis about loss. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82(3), 256-265.

Systems Theory

Pallan, M., Parry, J., & Adab, P. (2012). Contextual influences on the development of obesity in children: a case study of UK South Asian communities. Preventive medicine, 54(3), 205-211.

Ethnography/Autoethnography

Hernandez, K. A. C., Ngunjiri, F. W., & Chang, H. (2015). Exploiting the margins in higher education: A collaborative autoethnography of three foreign-born female faculty of color. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 28(5), 533-551.

McCormack, M. (2014) ‘The intersection of class, youth masculinities and decreasing homophobia : an ethnography.’, British journal of sociology., 65 (1). pp. 130-149.

Participatory Community Approaches

Hutchinson, S. L., & Gallant, K. A. (2016). Can senior centres be contexts for aging in third places? Journal of Leisure Research, 48(1), 50–68. doi:10.18666/JLR-2016-V48-I1-6263 Running head: QUALITATIVE RESEARH METHODS MATRIX
1
Qualitative Research Methods Matrix:
QUALITATIVE RESEARH METHODS MATRIX
2
Qualitative Research Methods Matrix
Approach
Disciplinary
Roots
Philosophy,
history
constructionism,
phenomenology
Focus of Central Research
Question
How can the experience of the
circumstance be described or
explored?
What is the meaning of the event to
the target individuals of interest?
What “practical” knowledge can be
learned?
Qualitative
Case Study
Sociology,
Anthropology as
well as
psychology,
What “practical” knowledge can be
learned?
How can a particular event be
understood?
How did the target individuals face
such challenges?
Grounded
Theory and
Realism
Sociology
What problems are present in a
social scene?
Submit in Week 2
Basic
Qualitative
Inquiry
How do individuals handle such
problems?
Phenomenology Psychology,
and Heuristic
philosophy
Inquiry
What is the meaning, structure, and
essence of the lived experience of
this phenomenon for this person or
group of people?
Unique
Terminology
Unique
terminologies
include words like
“describe,”
“explore,”
“experience,” as
well as “meaning”
in the research
questions and the
title
Use of terms like
“understand,”
“explore,” &
“discover” in the
title research
question
Primary Data
Sources
Interviews
Observations,
interviews, and
documents
Emergence of
theory, inductive,
theoretical
sampling, constant
comparison, open
coding, axial
coding, saturation,
memo writing
Use of words
“experience,” and
“phenomenon” in
research question
Sampling Issues
Analysis Plan
Guidelines
Content
analysis is a
good choice as
it is generic
and
exploratory
Reference
s
Elo et al.,
2014
Merriam,
2009
Saldana,
2016
Worthingt
on, 2013
The choice is a
function of the
research question
Content
analysis
because it is
exploratory
Merriam&
Tisdell,
2015
Interviews &
observations
A continuous
comparative
process
The use of the
constant
comparison
method of
analysis
Merriam&
Tisdell,
2015
Phenomenological
interview
Choice is a
function of the
phenomena or
experience
Studying
participants
who have
shared the
Worthingt
on, 2013
Choice is a
function of the
question
QUALITATIVE RESEARH METHODS MATRIX
Submit in Week 3
Social
Constructivism
and Narrative
Inquiry
History,
psychology,
sociology, &
literature
What is my experience of this
phenomenon and the essential
experience of others who also
experience this phenomenon
intensely?
How was this narrative created?
How can the narrative be described
or explored reason?
3
same
experience
Use of terms like
“describe,” and
“explore” in the
title and research
question
Autobiographies,
interview, journal,
& letters
Systems Theory Psychology
How and why does this system as a
whole function as it does?
What are the system’s boundaries
and interrelationships, and how do
these affect perspectives about how
and why the system functions as it
does?
Use of words
“function,”
“boundaries ,” and
“interrelationships”
in the research
question
Focus groups
Ethnography
and
Autoethnograp
hy
Anthropology
How do individuals create the
culture in which they abide by?
How did the culture develop over
time?
Use of words
“culture,” and
“time”
observation,
interviews, and
field notes
Interactive and
Participatory
Qualitative
Applications
Marx’s
socioeconomic, as
well as Freire’s
transformative &
emancipatory
education
How can appreciative inquiry be
used to achieve organizational
change?
What transformative change be
realized through action research?
Action research, co- Focus groups
researcher,
participantresearcher, learning
organization,
dialogue,
appreciative inquiry
Requires
individuals who
have directly
experienced the
phenomenon of
interest
Requires a group
of individuals
who participate in
a facilitated
discussion
Study one or
more
individual
Merriam
& Tisdell,
2015
Use focus
groups to
facilitate
dialogue of
shared
experiences
Elo et al.,
2014
Requires
individuals who
have experienced
the phenomenon
of interest directly
Lead researchers
work with
participants as coresearchers at
each level of the
study
Analytical
examination of
Field notes and
interview
transcripts
Use focus
groups to
facilitate
dialogue of
shared
experiences
Saldana,
2016
Elo et al.,
2014
Merriam,
2009.
QUALITATIVE RESEARH METHODS MATRIX
4
References
Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kanste, O., Pölkki, T., Utriainen, K., & Kyngäs, H. (2014). Qualitative Content Analysis. SAGE Open, 4(1), 215824401452263. doi:
10.1177/2158244014522633
Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Patton, M.Q. (2014). Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods: Integrating Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications
Saldan?a, J. (2016). The coding manual for qualitative researchers.
Tisdell, & meriam. (2015). Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation, 4th Edition.
Worthington, M. (2013). Differences between Phenomenological Research and a Basic Qualitative Research Design. Retrieved 18 June 2020, from
http://a1149861.sites.myregisteredsite.com/DifferencesBetweenPhenomenologicalResearchAndBasicQualitativeResearchDesign.pdf
Running head: RESPONSE PAPER
Week 4 Workshop
RESPONSE PAPER
2
Research questions based on the different approaches that I have explored that seems most
appropriate for my research problem and purpose
For this research, the research approaches that I will explore and that seems most
appropriate to my research problem and purpose are the system theory and the ethnography
approaches. Hence, the research questions that guided this study are;
Ethnography approach
i.
How are blacks being charged and unfairly treated by police officers in America?
ii.
How do African Americans have a high likelihood of being the targets of severe
discrimination in the United States?
iii.
How do black Americans experience disproportionate contact with the United States’
criminal justice system?
System theory
i.
what are the issues that blacks are charged with unfairly by police officers in
America?
ii.
What is the likelihood of African Americans being the targets of severe
discrimination in the United States?
iii.
How do black Americans experience disproportionate contact with the United
States’ criminal justice system?
Reasons why each approach would work
The abovementioned research approaches are the most appropriate approaches for the
research because of several reasons. The first reason is because the system theory requires focus
groups to facilitate dialogue of shared experiences and thus being in line with this research study
(Pallan et al., 2012). Secondly the ethnography approach will facilitate analytical examination
RESPONSE PAPER
3
interview transcripts, and therefore ensuring that conclusions can be drawn from interviews
(Hernandez, 2015).
Identification of the Approach I Believe Best Fits the Research Question
The approach that I believe best fits my research question is the Ethnography approach.
With this approach, it would be easy to explore and provide a detailed analysis of social
interactions, processes, and systems.
Describe how the approach you selected will direct the procedures you will later develop
The ethnography approach will direct the procedures used in the research study by
dictating the data collection method, which include observation, surveys, interviews as well as
questionnaires. Additionally, the ethnography approach will dictate how interactions will occur
with research participants while collecting data. In particular, the approach will require the
research to live among the participants.
Summary of My Theoretical Framework
This paper is rooted in the ethnographic theory. Ethnography is a type of qualitative
research that produces in-depth accounts of various social phenomena based on data collected
through interviews, observations, and documentaries (Hernandez, 2015). As McCormack (2014)
opined, this theory focuses on creating sophisticated, yet detailed descriptions of those groups
that share a given culture.
There are a number of data collection tools that will be used to collect data during this
research. Key among them include interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussions,
document analysis as well as surveys.
RESPONSE PAPER
4
References
Hernandez, K. A. C., Ngunjiri, F. W., & Chang, H. (2015). Exploiting the margins in higher
education: A collaborative autoethnography of three foreign-born female faculty of
color. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 28(5), 533-551.
McCormack, M. (2014). “The intersection of youth masculinities, decreasing homophobia and
class: An ethnography.”. British journal of sociology, 65(1), pp.130-149.
Pallan, M., Parry, J., & Adab, P. (2012). Contextual influences on the development of obesity in
children: a case study of UK South Asian communities. Preventive medicine, 54(3), 205211.

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