WR2 Virginia How Concept Of The Hero Changed From Different Time Periods? So my research paper in on heroes and heroism and we have to choose three primary

WR2 Virginia How Concept Of The Hero Changed From Different Time Periods? So my research paper in on heroes and heroism and we have to choose three primary sources and one has to be from the selection I learned in my class. So I choose Batman 1966 film version. Basically comparing how heroes has changed from different decades. I’ve linked the actual document containing the prompt as well as my thesis and main ideas that I want in my essay. Feel free to change whatever you feel is necessary to make the research paper strong. Also in the other doc I’m going to attach the three primary sources that I want to use in the paper as well as 10 or more secondary sources you can choose from and you can also add any sources you feel is necessary. I’m going to be attaching some more document that might help with the understanding of the essay. Also going to be attaching the books pdf for the secondary sources (What in a package, http://xroads.virginia.edu/~DRBR/robray.txt (The Thematic Paradigm Text), http://xroads.virginia.edu/~drbr/lsegar.txt (Creating the Myth). Thanks to whoever is going to write this for me. 1
WR 2 Research Paper Prompt: Heroes and Heroism
Points: 200 points (20% of your course grade)
Length: aim for a minimum of 15 full pages, not including your Works Cited section; double-spaced, 1-inch
margins, Times New Roman 12-point font
Due Date: final drafts submitted via Turnitin by 11:59pm on 5/22/19
Note: we will also have time set aside in class for thesis and draft review in the upcoming weeks, as well as your
Bibliography Project and a Writing Day. Optional (extra credit) research paper mini-conference presentations will
happen in class on 5/13/19.
Prompt:
By the time this paper is due, we will have read and viewed several different versions of the Batman story, from
1939 to 2005, as well as Robert Louis Stevenson’s Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, first published in 1886, and J.R.R.
Tolkien’s “Homecoming” play from the 1950s and the Old English historical account (from roughly the year 991)
to which he is responding. The overall theme of this course has been heroism, particularly the ways in which the
concept of heroism is constructed, performed, presented, and packaged differently for audiences at different times
and in different media. For your research paper project, you will choose at least three primary source texts
from different time periods to compare in terms of their presentation of the concept of “the hero.”
You will use the texts you choose to answer the question: How do the different versions of the hero compare?
That is, how does the concept and presentation of the hero change—or not change—over time? On a larger
scale, how do these changes in the depictions of the hero reflect shifting cultural desires for different types
of heroes at different points in time? What stays the same between each version, what changes, and why
might those changes occur?
This is a deliberately broad prompt, which should allow you to focus your paper according to your own
interests and explore research accordingly. For example, students have previously examined the evolution of
female characters in superhero comics, or American attitudes to wartime politics and heroism in the 1940s versus
the post-9/11 era, or the ways in which young adult novels such as Harry Potter and the Hunger Games series
demonstrate changing role models for young adults. Your area of focus is up to you—have fun!
Whichever direction you choose to go, successful research papers will do the following:
-clearly define and explain the concepts and elements of ‘heroism’ that you will be using throughout your
paper, with reference to our course materials
-focus that concept around your particular topic (e.g. young adult fantasy heroes, depictions of war, depictions
of superheroes, depictions of female heroes, heroes in video/tabletop games, etc)
-contain a thesis that makes a thoughtful and analytical claim about the ways in which depictions of heroism,
with regard to your particular area of focus, have changed and/or remained constant over time, in at least
three distinct historical moments (more on thesis claims below)
-provide cultural, historical, and genre context when necessary
-rely on specific and detailed evidence from your three primary sources to support your claims
-demonstrate your research, evaluation, and application skills by incorporating concepts and ideas from at
least ten secondary sources (more on sources below)
Sources
Primary Sources: you will need at least three primary source texts from different decades as points of
comparison. At least one of your primary source texts should be taken from our course content as a
reference point; the other two may be either texts we have or have not covered in class. Some examples
might include: another superhero comic or film; animated children’s films such as Frozen; a biography or
autobiography of a historical or present-day “real-life” hero or a mythological hero such as Robin Hood.
2
Secondary Sources: because this is a research paper, you will also need to use at least ten secondary sources.
No more than three of these may be readings we’ve covered in class. (That means, if you’ve done the math,
you will need to use your research skills to find at least seven reliable outside sources.*) We will be
discussing resources for research in class; you may also use any of the secondary sources in your Recommended
Reading lists as good starting points. Your Bibliography Project (see handout!) is also designed to help you with
this. You should include a Works Cited page in MLA format with your final draft (we’ll go over this again in
class before your papers are due).
*because someone always asks: yes, you may certainly use more than ten sources! Keep the proportion of inclass assigned versus outside sources roughly the same (30%).
Remember, a primary source is the original document, text, film, object, or phenomenon itself; a secondary
source provides discussion, analysis, and interpretation of that text or object or phenomenon, and will help
provide authoritative external support and confirmation for your own claims. Frank Miller’s Year One graphic
novel is a primary source; Frank Miller’s “Afterword,” discussing what he thinks the graphic novel means
(interpretation of the text), is a secondary source.
Thesis:
Your overall thesis should make a claim about the ways in which the concept of the hero has changed over
time, as reflected in the specific area of focus you have chosen, and why those changes (or lack of changes)
might be significant. (In other words, why do we care?) You may have a two-sentence thesis.
An example of a possible two-sentence thesis (and no, you can’t copy this one!): “While Batman in the serial
films of the nineteen-forties is introduced to audiences as a patriotic figure supporting his country on a top-secret
mysterious special assignment, by the nineteen-sixties film he is portrayed primarily as an official hero rejecting
personal obsessions in favor of the greater good, as reflected in his community-friendly actions and colorful
costuming. However, the Batman of Tim Burton’s 1989 film undergoes a more complicated journey that includes
elements of both the outlaw hero and the official hero types, which suggests a return to the emphasis on secrecy
and working in the shadows but also a new desire for heroes with internal conflict, emotional complexity, and
potential darkness in the wake of the Cold War and political scandals such as Watergate.”
This student is clearly focusing on depictions of one specific hero as shown in the specific genre of theatricalrelease superhero films. Her paper would then go on to compare and contrast these three versions of the hero,
using specific details from four films (her primary sources: both 1940s films, the 1966 film, and 1989 film),
and showing how those comparisons prove an increased desire for darkness and complexity. She then used
secondary sources for the definitions of the outlaw and official hero types, for historical and political context for
each film (what important social/political/cultural movements were happening?), and for discussion of the
importance of color and costuming in film to create certain moods and atmospheres.
Format:
Final papers MUST be typed and double-spaced with one-inch margins on all sides, and any printed copies should
be stapled or otherwise attached—no loose pages! Please use a standard 12-point Times New Roman font in black
or dark blue ink; include your name, the course title, and the due date as a header on the first page. If you include
any images, they should have captions, and do not count toward your page requirement. Please submit the digital
copy (as per IVC requirements) to Turnitin, via the course website, by 11:59pm on 5/22/19.
Have fun! ?
1
WR 2 Research Paper Prompt: Heroes and Heroism
Points: 200 points (20% of your course grade)
Length: aim for a minimum of 15 full pages, not including your Works Cited section; double-spaced, 1-inch
margins, Times New Roman 12-point font
Due Date: final drafts submitted via Turnitin by 11:59pm on 5/22/19
Note: we will also have time set aside in class for thesis and draft review in the upcoming weeks, as well as your
Bibliography Project and a Writing Day. Optional (extra credit) research paper mini-conference presentations will
happen in class on 5/13/19.
Prompt:
By the time this paper is due, we will have read and viewed several different versions of the Batman story, from
1939 to 2005, as well as Robert Louis Stevenson’s Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, first published in 1886, and J.R.R.
Tolkien’s “Homecoming” play from the 1950s and the Old English historical account (from roughly the year 991)
to which he is responding. The overall theme of this course has been heroism, particularly the ways in which the
concept of heroism is constructed, performed, presented, and packaged differently for audiences at different times
and in different media. For your research paper project, you will choose at least three primary source texts
from different time periods to compare in terms of their presentation of the concept of “the hero.”
You will use the texts you choose to answer the question: How do the different versions of the hero compare?
That is, how does the concept and presentation of the hero change—or not change—over time? On a larger
scale, how do these changes in the depictions of the hero reflect shifting cultural desires for different types
of heroes at different points in time? What stays the same between each version, what changes, and why
might those changes occur?
This is a deliberately broad prompt, which should allow you to focus your paper according to your own
interests and explore research accordingly. For example, students have previously examined the evolution of
female characters in superhero comics, or American attitudes to wartime politics and heroism in the 1940s versus
the post-9/11 era, or the ways in which young adult novels such as Harry Potter and the Hunger Games series
demonstrate changing role models for young adults. Your area of focus is up to you—have fun!
Whichever direction you choose to go, successful research papers will do the following:
-clearly define and explain the concepts and elements of ‘heroism’ that you will be using throughout your
paper, with reference to our course materials
-focus that concept around your particular topic (e.g. young adult fantasy heroes, depictions of war, depictions
of superheroes, depictions of female heroes, heroes in video/tabletop games, etc)
-contain a thesis that makes a thoughtful and analytical claim about the ways in which depictions of heroism,
with regard to your particular area of focus, have changed and/or remained constant over time, in at least
three distinct historical moments (more on thesis claims below)
-provide cultural, historical, and genre context when necessary
-rely on specific and detailed evidence from your three primary sources to support your claims
-demonstrate your research, evaluation, and application skills by incorporating concepts and ideas from at
least ten secondary sources (more on sources below)
Sources
Primary Sources: you will need at least three primary source texts from different decades as points of
comparison. At least one of your primary source texts should be taken from our course content as a
reference point; the other two may be either texts we have or have not covered in class. Some examples
might include: another superhero comic or film; animated children’s films such as Frozen; a biography or
autobiography of a historical or present-day “real-life” hero or a mythological hero such as Robin Hood.
2
Secondary Sources: because this is a research paper, you will also need to use at least ten secondary sources.
No more than three of these may be readings we’ve covered in class. (That means, if you’ve done the math,
you will need to use your research skills to find at least seven reliable outside sources.*) We will be
discussing resources for research in class; you may also use any of the secondary sources in your Recommended
Reading lists as good starting points. Your Bibliography Project (see handout!) is also designed to help you with
this. You should include a Works Cited page in MLA format with your final draft (we’ll go over this again in
class before your papers are due).
*because someone always asks: yes, you may certainly use more than ten sources! Keep the proportion of inclass assigned versus outside sources roughly the same (30%).
Remember, a primary source is the original document, text, film, object, or phenomenon itself; a secondary
source provides discussion, analysis, and interpretation of that text or object or phenomenon, and will help
provide authoritative external support and confirmation for your own claims. Frank Miller’s Year One graphic
novel is a primary source; Frank Miller’s “Afterword,” discussing what he thinks the graphic novel means
(interpretation of the text), is a secondary source.
Thesis:
Your overall thesis should make a claim about the ways in which the concept of the hero has changed over
time, as reflected in the specific area of focus you have chosen, and why those changes (or lack of changes)
might be significant. (In other words, why do we care?) You may have a two-sentence thesis.
An example of a possible two-sentence thesis (and no, you can’t copy this one!): “While Batman in the serial
films of the nineteen-forties is introduced to audiences as a patriotic figure supporting his country on a top-secret
mysterious special assignment, by the nineteen-sixties film he is portrayed primarily as an official hero rejecting
personal obsessions in favor of the greater good, as reflected in his community-friendly actions and colorful
costuming. However, the Batman of Tim Burton’s 1989 film undergoes a more complicated journey that includes
elements of both the outlaw hero and the official hero types, which suggests a return to the emphasis on secrecy
and working in the shadows but also a new desire for heroes with internal conflict, emotional complexity, and
potential darkness in the wake of the Cold War and political scandals such as Watergate.”
This student is clearly focusing on depictions of one specific hero as shown in the specific genre of theatricalrelease superhero films. Her paper would then go on to compare and contrast these three versions of the hero,
using specific details from four films (her primary sources: both 1940s films, the 1966 film, and 1989 film),
and showing how those comparisons prove an increased desire for darkness and complexity. She then used
secondary sources for the definitions of the outlaw and official hero types, for historical and political context for
each film (what important social/political/cultural movements were happening?), and for discussion of the
importance of color and costuming in film to create certain moods and atmospheres.
Format:
Final papers MUST be typed and double-spaced with one-inch margins on all sides, and any printed copies should
be stapled or otherwise attached—no loose pages! Please use a standard 12-point Times New Roman font in black
or dark blue ink; include your name, the course title, and the due date as a header on the first page. If you include
any images, they should have captions, and do not count toward your page requirement. Please submit the digital
copy to Turnitin, via the course website, by 11:59pm on 5/22/19.
Have fun! ?
Some tips and strategies for starting to write your research paper:
1) phrase your thesis as a question. What do you want to find out? (For instance, if you want to explore
the role of the villain over time, ask: how is the villain depicted in different texts? Find evidence to
answer this question. Then compare that evidence.)
2) Think of this paper as a multi-level architecture project, increasing in complexity.
First, what’s happening in specific texts, regarding the topic you’re interested in? For example, if
you’re interested in women’s roles, where do we see women in two or three of the texts? What do they
do? (basic textual analysis – this should be easy, after WR 399 and WR 1!)
Next, how do those texts compare? (compare/contrast analysis) It might be helpful to make a chart.
Next, take those comparisons (similarities, differences, etc) and think about what factors might
contribute to them (historical/cultural context analysis – this is where you start moving toward more
sophisticated, nuanced analysis, accounting for context)
After that, think about the implications (significance) that you see in these cultural changes. This will
give you an overall narrative that describes cultural shifts, using your specific sources as proof.
Summarize this narrative in 1-2 sentences: this is your thesis.
3) There are a LOT of possible primary source texts out there, both comics and films – choose
specific texts and focus on what they bring to the narrative, thinking about depth rather than
shallow analysis. (This is why I recommend you do not work with more than 3-4 primary sources –
5 might be acceptable, but you will likely end up with a longer paper!)
Then, show your awareness of what other people (your secondary sources) have said: what
conversations (in essay and article form – academic conversations!) are experts already having about your
subject? Demonstrate your knowledge of these conversations and your skill at research in finding them.
4) You might choose to organize your paper either chronologically (by primary source) or
thematically (by concept).
In the first case, you would provide your intro, thesis, and general background terms/definitions, and then
analyze your texts in chronological order to show developments: primary text #1, historical context for
production, specific x and y and z elements of the text to prove your argument; repeated for primary text
#2, and so on.
In the second case, you would provide your intro, thesis, and general background terms/definitions, and
then analyze your texts in order of the concepts you want to emphasize: x concept and how it appears in
texts 1, 2, and 3; then z concept and how it appears in texts 1, 2, and 3; and so on.
Either of these options would work; the former will implicitly emphasize evolution and development,
while the latter will emphasize the importance of the concepts themselves.
5) Example Paper Organization:
An example of a possible two-sentence thesis: While Batman in 1966 is portrayed primarily as an official
hero, as reflected in his community-friendly actions, sense of humor, and colorful costuming, the Batman
of 1989 undergoes a more complicated journey that includes elements of both the outlaw hero and the
official hero types, as seen in his interactions with women, the Joker, and the Gotham City police. This
change demonstrates a growing desire for heroes with internal conflict, emotional complexity, and
potential darkness in the wake of the Cold War and political scandals such as Watergate.
Or, an another version: While the Batman villains of the sixties, especially the Joker, are presented as bent
on world domination, their humorous and incompetent nature suggests a lack of real concern over threats
which can be easily handled by equally humorous “official” heroes; however, by 1989, while Batman’s
villains operate on a smaller scale—confined to Gotham City—they prove more monstrous in terms of
deadly force and personal vendetta, and the development of the Joker’s character in particular suggests a
growth of intimate anxieties related to attacks at home.
After this, you might have a structure that looks like this:
-definitions of heroes (at least a paragraph), and definitions of monsters (another paragraph)
-body pp 1: overall 60s villains: what do they want, and what cultural concerns and anxieties do they
reflect? (consider all of the United Underworld)
-examples from the film/tv show; historica…
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