Critical Thinking Model

I don’t know how to handle this Psychology question and need guidance.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Critical Thinking Model
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Critical Thinking Model

Critical thinking involves the ability to be in control of one’s thinking. It includes the ability to consciously examine the elements of one’s reasoning, or that of another, and evaluate that reasoning against universal intellectual standards of clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, and logic. It also involves the structured examination of sources of information.

For your initial post:

  • Review Paul and Elder’s Critical Thinking Model media piece from this week’s What You Need to Know. You may recall that you were introduced to the Paul and Elder model in your first course at Capella. Since that time, you have used critical thinking to develop your coursework as you considered problems in the field of psychology, reviewed research, applied theories, and worked toward recommended solutions.
  • Reflect on the eight elements of thought in the model and on the intellectual standards. Describe some specific ways you have implemented some of the elements and standards into your academic work. To give your peers and instructor a good understanding of your application, as you compose your post, name specific elements and standards. Discuss ways the elements and standards have applied to your everyday thinking and behavior as you interact with people in your personal and professional life.

Critical Thinking Model:


This presentation contains three sections: Model, Guidelines, and Questions. Examine each section and apply the content to deconstruct the issue you are studying.


Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Model

The Critical Thinking Model was developed by Dr. Richard Paul and Dr. Linda Elder. Dr. Paul and Dr. Elder are internationally recognized authorities on critical thinking.

  • Dr. Paul is the Director of Research and Professional Development at the Center for Critical Thinking and Chair of the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking. He has written eight books and over 200 articles on the subject.
  • Dr. Elder is the President of the Foundation for Critical Thinking and Executive Director of the Center for Critical Thinking, a leading international institute that promotes critical thinking in every domain of life.

The Elements of Reasoning diagram (Paul & Elder, 2014, p. 6) presents the essential categories of their critical thinking model.

It consists of eight categories. They are:

  • Purpose of Thinking (Goal Objective)
  • The Question (Problem or Issue)
  • Information (Experience, Facts, Data, Observations)
  • Concepts (Theories, Definitions, Axioms, Laws, Principles, Domain)
  • Interpretation & Inference (Conclusions)
  • Assumptions (Presupposition/Taking for Granted)
  • Points of View (Frame of Reference, Perspective, Orientation)
  • Implications & Consequences (Possible, Probable & Necessary)


Critical Thinking Guidelines

Dr. Paul and Dr. Elder created critical thinking guidelines and questions based on their model of thinking.

Use the following guidelines to think critically about the content you are studying in your research:

  • Consider the main issue or problem the author is focusing on in the reading.
  • Identify the main purpose of the article or resource.
  • Determine how the author is using his or her information, in relation to the main issue.
  • Determine what conclusions are being drawn by the author.
  • Analyze the implications of these conclusions.
  • Identify the main concepts the author is focusing on, in relation to the main issue.
  • Examine the author’s point of view.
  • Consider what assumptions is the author making. (Paul & Elder, 2014).


Critical Thinking Questions

Once you have clearly established the author’s logic in the resource you are researching (as detailed in the Guidelines tab), you are prepared to write a critical analysis of the problem. In your analysis, address the following types of questions:

  • Discuss the significance of the issue that is the focus of the article. Why is it important? On what do you base your assertions regarding its significance?
  • What potential problems do you see in the author’s reasoning? What potential problems are there with the author’s use of information?
  • Does the information use appear relevant, significant, valid, and sufficient for the conclusions being drawn?
  • Do you have enough information to determine whether the information is relevant, significant, and valid?
  • What point of view is ignored by this author, or has not been considered in dealing with the issue? (Paul & Elder, 2014).

Finally, consider alternatives for solving the problem by reflecting on the issue.


Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2014). The miniature guide to critical thinking: Concepts and tools (7th ed.). Dillon Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.

Foundation for Critical Thinking. (2009). Critical thinking model. Retrieved from


Subject Matter Expert: Larson, Mark

Interactive Design: Ross, Adrian

Instructional Design: Erickson, Nicole

Project Manager: Latimer, LaRohnda

Homework On Time
Calculate the Price of your PAPER Now
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top quality papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional academic writers

We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with.

Free revisions

If you feel that we missed something, send the order for a free revision. You will have 10 days to send the order for revision after you receive the final paper. You can either do it on your own after signing in to your personal account or by contacting our support.

On-time delivery

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & confidential

We use several checkers to make sure that all papers you receive are plagiarism-free. Our editors carefully go through all in-text citations. We also promise full confidentiality in all our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

You are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper. Our academic experts will gladly help you with essays, case studies, research papers and other assignments.


Admission help & business writing

You can be positive that we will be here 24/7 to help you get accepted to the Master’s program at the TOP-universities or help you get a well-paid position.


Editing your paper

Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. We will ensure that your final paper is of the highest quality and absolutely free of mistakes.


Revising your paper

Our academic writers and editors will help you with unlimited number of revisions in case you need any customization of your academic papers