HIS 102 WKU Events & Consequences of The American Civil War & Cold War & the Spread of Communism Paper so 10 of the 15 terms 2 to 3 sentences 2 of the 3 q

HIS 102 WKU Events & Consequences of The American Civil War & Cold War & the Spread of Communism Paper so 10 of the 15 terms 2 to 3 sentences

2 of the 3 questions and write each one in best essay style, these to essay do not have to be too long.

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these all will be attached History of the United States
Early European Colonies

The Spanish established St. Augustine in 1565
The French established Port Royal in 1605
The English established Jamestown in 1607
The Dutch established New Amsterdam in
• The Puritans established Plymouth in 1620
• The Swedish established New Sweden in 1638
British Expansion
• In 1628 the Massachusetts Bay Colony was
• By 1634 nearly 10,000 British had immigrated
to the new American colonies
• In 1664 New Amsterdam was captured,
bringing on the 2nd Anglo-Dutch War
• In 1674 the Dutch relinquished their claim to
New Amsterdam in the Treaty of Westminster
French Expansion
• In July 1608 Quebec City was established
along the St. Lawrence River
• By 1665 Quebec City had a population of over
• In 1664 the colony of Saint-Dominique was
established on the island of Hispaniola
• In 1682 explorer La Salle claimed the lower
Mississippi Valley, naming it “Louisiana”
Spanish Expansion
• In 1565 the colony of St. Augustine was
established in present-day Florida
• By 1598 settlements and Jesuit missions were
established in the Southwest
• By 1763 nearly 9,000 Spanish had immigrated
to Florida
• By 1769 Jesuit missions were established in
southern and central coastal California
The British Colonies

Virginia – 1607
Massachusetts – 1620
Maryland – 1632
Connecticut – 1636
Rhode Island – 1636
North Carolina – 1663
New York – 1664

Delaware – 1664
New Jersey – 1664
Pennsylvania – 1681
New Hampshire – 1691
South Carolina – 1729
Georgia – 1733
French and Indian War
• The British and French
went to war in 1754
over resources and
commercial markets
• The Treaty of Paris in
February 1763 gave
control of all North
American French
colonies to Britain
Colonial Tensions
• On October 7, 1763 King George III issued the
Proclamation of 1763 restricting western
• In March 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp
Act of 1765
• On March 5, 1770 (5) Bostonians were killed
at “Boston Massacre”
• On December 16, 1773 Bostonians conduct
the “Boston Tea Party”
Growing Tensions
• In April 1774 Parliament passed the Coercive
• In June 1774 Parliament passed the
Quartering Act
• On September 5, 1774 the 1st Continental
Congress met in Philadelphia
• On April 19, 1775 British troops and local
militia clash at Lexington and Concord
The Revolutionary War
• On May 10, 1775,
American forces captured
British Fort Ticonderoga
in northern New York
• British forces defeated
the American militia at
the Battle of Bunker Hill
on June 7, 1775
• On June 14, 1775, George
Washington was
appointed general
War in the North
• In July 1775 General Washington took control
of the Continental Army
• In September 1775 American militia invaded
Canada attacking Quebec City in November
• By the end of 1775 the Continental Army was
entrenched at New York City
• A 2nd American invasion of Canada in July
1776 was defeated by the British
A War for Independence
• On July 4, 1776 the 2nd Continental Congress
delegates signed the Declaration of
• By late October 1776 the Continental Army
had been forced to retreat from New York City
• On December 26, 1776 the Continental Army
defeated Hessian troops at the Battle of
War Progresses
• British forces occupied
Philadelphia on
September 26, 1777
• On October 17, 1777, a
British invasion force in
New York was forced to
surrender at Saratoga
• In December 1777 the
Continental Army went
into winter quarters at
Valley Forge
Independence in Doubt
• The Continental Army lose nearly 2,500 men
to disease and exposure to the winter weather
• On February 6, 1778, the colonies and France
signed an alliance agreement
• In December 1778 the British opened a
southern front by capturing Savannah,
• In June 1779 Spain declared war on Britain
War Expands
• By the end of 1779 Spanish forces based in
New Orleans had captured the British
outposts of Baton Rouge and Natchez
• On May 12, 1780, British forces captured
Charleston, South Carolina
• In May and August 1780 American forces in
the south are defeated by the British
• In late 1780 the British under General
Cornwallis invaded North Carolina
War Comes to a Close
• On October 7, 1780,
British forces were
defeated at the Battle
of King’s Mountain
• On January 17, 1781,
British forces were
defeated at the Battle
of Cowpens
• On October 19, 1781,
Cornwallis surrendered
at Yorktown, Virginia
Treaty of Paris
• Signed on September 3, 1783, the treaty
acknowledge the independence of the (13)
American colonies established its boundaries
• Spain received control of East and West
• Established American fishing rights in the
North Atlantic along the coast of Canada
• Established equal British and American access
to the Mississippi River
The United States is Born
• In 1783 the Congress of
the Confederation
began working on the
Articles of
• On September 17, 1787
in New York City the
Congress passed a new
Constitution of the
United States
Establishment of a New Government
• In 1789 George
Washington was elected
the 1st President of the
United States
• By 1794 a (2) party
political system,
Federalists and
Republican, had been
United States Expands
• In 1787 the Northwest
Territory was organized
• In 1798 the United
States took possession
of the Mississippi region
• In 1803 President
Thomas Jefferson
approved the purchase
of the Louisiana
Territory from France
War of 1812
• Following years of impressment of American
sailors by the British navy and the arming of
Indians along the frontier, the United States
declared war on Britain on June 1, 1812
• On August 14, 1814, British forces captured
and burned Washington City
• Signed on December 26, 1814, the Treaty of
Ghent ended hostilities
United States as a Rising Power
• In 1816 the 2nd Bank of the United States was
established by President James Madison and
an “Era of Good Feelings” began
• In February 1819 the Adams-Onis Treaty gave
control of Florida to the United States
• In 1823 the Monroe Doctrine was proclaimed
denouncing European colonization of the
A Changing United States
• In 1830 President Andrew Jackson pushed for
the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830
• In 1832 South Carolina threatened secession
due to the “Tariffs of Abominations”
• By 1840 an abolitionist movement led by
William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass
began to spread across the north
• In December 1845 the Republic of Texas was
annexed becoming the 28th state of the Union
Mexican – American War
• On May 13, 1846, the
United States declared
war on Mexico
• Following American
victories at Palo Alto,
Monterey, Vera Cruz
and Cerro Gordo,
Mexico City was
captured on September
13, 1847
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
• Signed on February 2, 1848, the treaty
established the Rio Grande River as the border
between the United States and Mexico
• Mexico ceded expansive lands in California
and the Southwest to the United States for
around ($18) million dollars
• The United States also agreed to pay over ($3)
million of Mexico’s debt to U.S. citizens
Growing Sectionalism
• The Missouri Compromise of 1820 established
the 36 / 30 parallel as the boundary for
slavery in the United States
• The Compromise of 1850 admitted California
as a free state, organized the Utah and New
Mexico Territories, and strengthened the
Fugitive Slave Act
• The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 allowed for
the “popular sovereignty” of new states
Coming of War
• The election of Abraham Lincoln on November
6, 1860, was the catalyst for the Civil War
• On December 20, 1860, South Carolina
seceded from the Union
• By February 1861 (6) more southern states
had seceded from the Union forming the
Confederate States of America
• Southern forces began taking control of
Federal forts and arsenals
War Begins
• On April 12, 1861,
Confederate forces at
Charleston fired on
Union held Fort Sumter
• On April 15 President
Lincoln called for
75,000 volunteers
• By May 20 (4) more
southern states
seceded from the Union
The Civil War
• The “Anaconda Plan” was developed by
General Winfield Scott for defeating the
• The Confederacy hoped for British and French
intervention on their behalf
• On July 21, 1861, the Confederates defeated
Union forces at the Battle of Bull Run
• On August 10 Union forces were defeated at
the Battle of Wilson’s Creek in Missouri
The Civil War : 1862
• In early February General Ulysses Grant
captured the Confederate forts Henry and
• On March 8-9 Union forces were victorious at
the Battle of Pea Ridge in northern Arkansas
• On March 9 the Monitor and Merrimac battle
to a draw off Hampton Roads, Virginia
• Union forces were saved from disaster at the
Battle of Shiloh on April 6-7
• By July 1 Union forces were forced to retreat
during the Peninsula Campaign
• In late August Union forces were defeated at the
2nd Battle of Bull Run
• In late August Confederate forces began an
invasion into Kentucky that was halted at the
Battle of Perryville on October 8
• In early September Confederate forces began an
invasion of the north that was halted at the Battle
of Antietam on September 17
• On September 22
President Lincoln issued
the Emancipation
• On December 13 Union
forces were badly
defeated at the Battle
of Fredericksburg
• On December 31 the
Battle of Stone’s River
The Civil War: 1863
• On January 1 the Emancipation Proclamation
went into effect
• On January 2 the Confederates were defeated
at the Battle of Stone’s River
• In early May Union forces were defeated at
the Battle of Chancellorsville
• In June the Confederate Army of Northern
Virginia began an invasion of the north
• From July 1-3 the Battle
of Gettysburg produced
over 51,000 casualties
• On July 4 Vicksburg
surrendered to General
Grant cutting the
Confederacy in two
• On July 13 Union forces
occupied Natchez
Stories of Gettysburg
• Amos Humiston served in
the 154th New York
Volunteer Infantry
• Killed during the battle
• Found with an ambrotype
of 3 children in his hand
• Listed as “Unknown”
• His wife confirmed the
image of the children in
Stories of Gettysburg
• Isaac Avery was a
Confederate brigade
• Badly wounded on July
• Scribbled letter to his
father on paper stained
with his blood
• Died the next day
• The Confederates won a victory at the Battle
of Chickamauga on September 19-20
• In late November Union forces under General
Grant broke the siege of Chattanooga
• By the end of 1863 Confederate forces had
been pushed back into northern Virginia in the
east and northern Georgia in the west
The Civil War: 1864
• In early May Union forces in the east began
the Overland Campaign to capture Richmond
• In May General Grant ordered Union forces
under General Philip Sheridan to destroy the
Shenandoah Valley
• In May Union forces in the west began
maneuvering toward Atlanta
• By early June Union forces began the Siege of
• On July 9 Confederate forces under General
Jubal Early threatened Washington D.C.
• Union forces in the west captured Atlanta on
September 2
• On November 15 Union forces under General
William T. Sherman began the “March to the
Sea” reaching Savannah on December 20
• By December 16 the Confederate Army of the
Tennessee in the west was virtually destroyed
The Civil War: 1865
• The Confederate army
was forced to evacuate
Richmond on April 2
• On April 9 General Robert
E. Lee surrendered the
Army of Northern Virginia
• On April 11 President
Lincoln visited Richmond
• On April 14 President
Lincoln was assassinated
The War Ends
• On April 26 General Joseph Johnston
surrendered Confederate forces in North
• On May 10 Confederate President Jefferson
Davis was captured by Union troops near
Irwinville, Georgia
• On May 26 General Edmund Kirby Smith
surrendered Confederate forces west of the
Mississippi River
Cost of the War
• The war caused nearly
620,000 casualties
• 1 in 65 soldiers died
from combat wounds
• 1 in 13 died from
• Nearly 13,000 Union
soldiers died at the
Andersonville Prison
After the War
• On December 6, 1865, the 13th Amendment
abolishing slavery in the United States was
• On July 9, 1868, the 14th Amendment granted
citizenship and civil rights to former slaves
• On February 3, 1870, the 15th Amendment
prohibited the exclusion of voting rights by
states based on race or former conditions of
United States to 1900
• The American economy took a downturn in the
Panics of 1873 and 1893
• On February 4, 1887, President Cleveland signed
the Interstate Commerce Act regulating trade and
commerce in the United States
• On July 2, 1890, President Harrison signed the
Sherman-Antitrust Act regulating cartels and
• The United States became an imperialistic power
with the annexation of Hawaii in 1898
United States to 1918
• The defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American
War in 1898 gave more territories to the
United States
• On May 4, 1904, the United States took over
the construction of the Panama Canal
• On April 6, 1917, the United States declared
war on Germany, entering World War I
• Isolationism reigned after the war
United States to 1940
• On January 16, 1919, the 18th Amendment
established Prohibition in the United States
• On August 8, 1920, the 19th Amendment gave
women the right to vote
• The Wall Street Crash in October 1929 led to a
worldwide depression
• Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected
President in 1932 and soon introduced his
“New Deal” for America
United States Since 1940
• On December 7, 1941, Japanese carrier based
aircraft attacked the American fleet at Pearl
Harbor, Hawaii bring the United States into
World War II
• The next day the United States declared war
on Japan
• Germany declared war on the United States
on December 11
Since 1940
• United States troops take part in the D-Day
invasion of German occupied France on June
6, 1944
• On August 6 & 9 atomic bombs were dropped
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan ending
World War II
• After the war a “Cold War” begins between
the United States and the Soviet Union
United States to Present
• By 1950 an arms race had begun between the
United States and the Soviet Union
• In 1958 United States advisors were sent to
train South Vietnamese troops
• In September 1962 the Soviet Union
withdraws its nuclear weapons from Cuba
• On November 22, 1963, President John F.
Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas
To Present
• On July 2, 1964, Congress passed the Civil
Rights Act of 1964
• On August 6, 1965, the Voting Rights Act of
1965 went into effect
• On April 11, 1968, the Fair Housing Act of
1968 went into effect
• On April 1, 1968, civil rights leader Martin
Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis
To Present
• On April 30, 1975, the United States began its
withdrawal of troops from Vietnam
• In 1985 the United States and the Soviet
Union concluded treaties to limit nuclear
• On June 12, 1987, President Ronald Reagan
gave his “tear down this wall” speech in Berlin
• In 1991 the Soviet Union began to break apart
ending the Cold War
History 102
Final Exam
Define ten (10) of the following fifteen (15) terms:
1) Atlantic Triangle
6) Imperialism
11) Adolf Hitler
2) Copernicus
7) Vladimir Lenin
12) Potsdam Conference
3) James Watt
8) Triple Entente
13) Cold War
4) Urbanization
9) Treaty of Versailles 1919
14) Abraham Lincoln
5) Qing Dynasty
10) New Deal
15) 13th Amendment
In your best essay style, please answer two (2) of the following three (3) essay questions. Be
sure to give as much detail as possible in your answer. Ensure that your answers are legible and
your name is on your blue book.
1. Discuss the Cold War and the spread of Communism after World War II.
2. Discuss the causes, events and consequences of American Civil War.
3. In YOUR opinion, what do you consider to be one of the most important
turning points or inventions of mankind?

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