ENGL 124 University of California Technology in Our Present and Future Essay Hello, I would like from you to read the pictures that I attached for you and

ENGL 124 University of California Technology in Our Present and Future Essay Hello, I would like from you to read the pictures that I attached for you and read the the essay that I attached for you because I would like to the 3 pages essay that you are going to write for me similar to the essay I attached for you or you can just rewrite the same essay with the same idea but using your own word. so basically you are going to paraphrase the essay to your own words. Thank you so much. Technology in Our Present and Future
Technology and smartphones are developed in a number of ways today. People from
different countries, ages, and cultures have the same ritual when it comes to smartphones and
technologies. In the article “Stop Googling, Let’s Talk” by Sherry Turkle from New York Times,
she explained how smartphones have a huge impact on our personalities and daily life. Also,
another article “Hooked on our Smartphones” by Jane E. Brody New York Times, expressed and
showed how smartphones can be harmful to our mental health and how people pay more
attention to their phones instead of what really matters in life, for example, friend and family.
Both authors express angry emotions, because of how people are turning into robots day by day.
People are on their phones all day long without realizing how life is without smartphones.
Smartphones and new technologies keep individuals away from seeing the beauty of life and to
experience different tasks each day. The addiction to smartphones and technology is increasing
every day since there are new inventions created in technology almost every day to get our
attention away from what really matters in life. Smartphones are harmful to people’s mental
health, physical health, and relationships.
Smartphones make people have a lack of knowledge and capability of talking to others.
Most people do not feel comfortable talking face-to-face, because they are used to hide behind
the screen of their phones and text one another. Moreover, this develops weak relationships with
family and friends because there are no communications used. In the article “Stop Googling,
Let’s Talk” by Sherry Turkle “A 15-year-old boy told me that someday he wanted to raise a
family, not the way his parents are raising him (with phones out during meals and in the park and
during his school sports events) but the way his parents think they are raising him.” Teenagers
and children are not being raised with love and are not given the attention they need for healthy
development because of smartphones. Even parents now days are busy with their phones instead
of following up with their children and do fun activities with them that do not include
technology.
Being active all day long on smartphones, instead of being actives in other activities, for
example, sports, art, or learning a new skill is not healthy and has a lot of negative effects.
Modern technology can be helpful but being obsessed with smartphones lead to major physical
and mental problems. In the article “ Hooked on our Smartphones” by Jane E. Brody “The nearuniversal access to digital technology, starting at ever younger ages, is transforming modern
society in ways that can have negative effects on physical and 2 mental health, neurological
development, and personal relationships.” A lot of issues mentally and physically are caused by
technology, which limits the growth of the individual’s mental and physical health, especially in
children. Not mentioning the safety when crossing a sidewalk, oftentimes it is heard in the News
that a person got crushed by a car, who’s fault is it? the person who is walking down the street
with his or her phone in her or his hand or the driver who is texting and not paying attention to
the road. It is a bad habit to pass on to the new generation, not being able to fully communicate
and to focus on what really matters in life and makes new relationships. People miss out a lot of
beautiful, valuable, valuable, and joyful moments in life because they do not pay attention to
what really matters, instead they choose to hide behind their small screen.
The article “ Stop Googling, Let’s Talk” by Sherry Turkle is more effective and has
strong claims than the article “Hooked on our Smartphones” by Jane E. Brody. Turkle included
more examples and research to explain how smartphones can be bad and have negative effects
on our health in general. Also, she included more statistics and which is more credible and
reliable. It is more effective and grabs the reader’s attention. This article supported my thesis the
best. Since Turkle included effective evidence, appeals, counterargument, and strong strategy,
she was able to create an advanced and more persuasive argument than Brody.
In conclusion, smartphones and technologies are helpful and save the individual a lot of
time. It is the easiest to get things done quickly, but being too obsessed and spend too much time
on smartphones can be harmful. Also, it leads to mental and health disorders, for example,
neurological development. An individual will not be able to make new relationships and
communicate with people because of smartphones. A lot of happy, valuable, loved and joyful
moments are being missed out because individuals pay more attention to smartphones to what
really matters. Imaging this habit gets passed to the new generation, it will be like robots are
walking down the street, not human beings. Everyone on their phone and not paying attention to
surroundings, this is another safety issue.
Stop Googling, Let’s Talk
By Sherry Turkle
New York Times / September 26, 2015
Sherry Turkle is a professor in the program in Science, Technology and Society
at
M.I.T. and the author
, most recently, of “Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in
a Digital Age,” from which this essay is adapted.
COLLEGE students tell me they know how to look someone in the eye and type on their
phones at the same time, their split attention undetected. They say it’s a skill they
mastered in middle school when they wanted to text in class without getting caught.
Now they use it when they want to be both with their friends and, as some put it,
“elsewhere.
39
These days, we feel less of a need to hide the fact that we are dividing our attention. In
a 2015 study by the Pew Research Center, 89 percent of cellphone owners said they
had used their phones during the last social gathering they attended. But they weren’t
happy about it; 82 percent of adults felt that the way they used their phones in social
settings hurt the conversation.
I’ve been studying the psychology of online connectivity for more than 30 years. For the
past five, I’ve had a special focus: What has happened to face-to-face conversation in a
world where so many people say they would rather text than talk? I’ve looked at
families, friendships and romance. I’ve studied schools, universities and workplaces.
When college students explain to me how dividing their attention plays out in the dining
hall, some refer to a “rule of three.” In a conversation among five or six people at dinner,
you have to check that three people are paying attention heads up — before you give
yourself permission to look down at your phone. So conversation proceeds, but with
different people having their heads up at different times. The effect is what you would
expect: Conversation is kept relatively light, on topics where people feel they can drop
in and out.
Young people spoke to me enthusiastically about the good things that flow from a life
lived by the rule of three, which you can follow not only during meals but all the time.
First of all, there is the magic of the always available elsewhere. You can put your
attention wherever you want it to be. You can always be heard. You never have to be
bored. When you sense that a lull in the conversation is coming, you can shift your
attention from the people in the room to the world you can find on your phone. But the
students also described a sense of loss.
1
The trouble with talk begins young. A few years ago, a private middle school asked me
to consult with its faculty
: Students were not developing friendships the way they used
to. At a retreat, the dean described how a seventh grader had tried to exclude a
classmate from a school social event. It’s an age-old problem, except that this time
when the student was asked about her behavior, the dean reported that the girl didn’t
have much to say: “She was almost robotic in her response. She said, ‘I don’t have
feelings about this.’ She couldn’t read the signals that the other student was hurt.
The dean went on: “Twelve-year-olds play on the playground like 8-year-olds. The way
they exclude one another is the way 8-year-olds would play. They don’t seem able to
put themselves in the place of other children.”
One teacher observed that the students “sit in the dining hall and look at their phones.
When they share things together, what they are sharing is what is on their phones.” Is
this the new conversation? If so, it is not doing the work of the old conversation. The old
conversation taught empathy. These students seem to understand each other less.
But we are resilient. The psychologist Yalda T. Uhls was the lead author on a
2014 study of children at a device-free outdoor camp. After five days without phones or
tablets, these campers were able to read facial emotions and correctly identify the
emotions of actors in videotaped scenes significantly better than a control group. What
fostered these new empathic responses? They talked to one another. In conversation,
things go best if you pay close attention and learn how to put yourself in someone else’s
shoes. This is easier to do without your phone in hand. Conversation is the most human
and humanizing thing that we do.
I have seen this resilience during my own research at a device-free summer camp. At a
nightly cabin chat, a group of 14-year-old boys spoke about a recent three-day
wilderness hike. Not that many years ago, the most exciting aspect of that hike might
have been the idea of roughing it or the beauty of unspoiled nature. These days, what
made the biggest impression was being phoneless. One boy called it “time where you
have nothing to do but think quietly and talk to your friends.” The campers also spoke
about their new taste for life away from the online feed. Their embrace of the virtue of
disconnection suggests a crucial connection: The capacity for empathic conversation
goes hand in hand with the capacity for solitude.
In solitude we find ourselves; we prepare ourselves to come to conversation with
something to say that is authentic, ours. If we can’t gather ourselves, we can’t recognize
other people for who they are. If we are not content to be alone, we turn others into the
3
people we need them to be. If we don’t know how to be alone, we’ll only know how to be
lonely.
A VIRTUOUS circle links conversation to the capacity for self-reflection. When we are
secure in ourselves, we are able to really hear what other people have to say. At the
same time, conversation with other people, both in intimate settings and in larger social
groups, leads us to become better at inner dialogue.
But we have put this virtuous circle in peril. We turn time alone into a problem that
needs to be solved with technology. Timothy D. Wilson, a psychologist at the University
of Virginia, led a team that explored our capacity for solitude. People were asked to sit
in a chair and think, without a device or a book. They were told that they would have
from six to 15 minutes alone and that the only rules were that they had to stay seated
and not fall asleep. In one experiment, many student subjects opted to give themselves
mild electric shocks rather than sit alone with their thoughts.
People sometimes say to me that they can see how one might be disturbed when
people turn to their phones when they are together. But surely there is no harm when
people turn to their phones when they are by themselves? If anything, it’s our new form
of being together.
But this way of dividing things up misses the essential connection between solitude and
conversation. In solitude we learn to concentrate and imagine, to listen to ourselves. We
need these skills to be fully present in conversation.
Every technology asks us to confront human values. This is a good thing, because it
causes us to reaffirm what they are. If we are now ready to make face-to-face
conversation a priority, it is easier to see what the next steps should be. We are not
looking for simple solutions. We are looking for beginnings. Some of them may seem
familiar by now, but they are no less challenging for that. Each addresses only a small
piece of what silences us. Taken together, they can make a difference.
One start toward reclaiming conversation is to reclaim solitude. Some of the most
crucial conversations you will ever have will be with yourself. Slow down sufficiently to
make this possible. And make a practice of doing one thing at a time. Think of
unitasking as the next big thing. In every domain of life, it will increase performance and
decrease stress.
But doing one thing at a time is hard, because it means asserting ourselves over what
technology
makes easy and what feels productive in the short term. Multitasking comes
A
with its own high, but when we chase after this feeling, we pursue an illusion.
Conversation is a human way to practice unitasking.
Our phones are not accessories, but psychologically potent devices that change not just
what we do but who we are. A second path toward conversation involves recognizing
the degree to which we are vulnerable to all that connection offers. We have to commit
ourselves to designing our products and our lives to take that vulnerability into account.
We can choose not to carry our phones all the time. We can park our phones in a room
and go to them every hour or two while we work on other things or talk to other people.
We can carve out spaces at home or work that are device-free, sacred spaces for the
paired virtues of conversation and solitude. Families can find these spaces in the day to
day no devices at dinner, in the kitchen and in the car. Introduce this idea to children
when they are young so it doesn’t spring up as punitive but as a baseline of family
culture. In the workplace, too, the notion of sacred spaces makes sense: Conversation
among employees increases productivity.
We can also redesign technology to leave more room for talking to each other. The “do
not disturb” feature on the iPhone offers one model. You are not interrupted by
vibrations, lights or rings, but you can set the phone to receive calls from designated
people or to signal when someone calls you repeatedly. Engineers are ready with more
ideas: What if our phones were not designed to keep us attached, but to do a task and
then release us? What if the communications industry began to measure the success of
devices not by how much time consumers spend on them but by whether it is time well
spent?
It is always wise to approach our relationship with technology in the context that goes
beyond it. We live, for example, in a political culture where conversations are blocked by
our vulnerability to partisanship as well as by our new distractions. We thought that
online posting would make us bolder than we are in person, but a 2014
Pew study demonstrated that people are less likely to post opinions on social media
when they fear their followers will disagree with them. Designing for our vulnerabilities
means finding ways to talk to people, online and off, whose opinions differ from our
Own.
Sometimes it simply means hearing people out. A college junior told me that she shied
away from conversation because it demanded that one live by the rigors of what she
calls the “seven minute rule.” It takes at least seven minutes to see how a conversation
is going to unfold. You can’t go to your phone before those seven minutes are up. If the
conversation goes quiet, you have to let it be. For conversation, like life, has silences
5.

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