Colorado Unit 1 Project Management Methodologies Waterfall Agile Scrum Paper Deliverable Length: 1000 words APA Format Assignment Objectives: Demonstrat

Colorado Unit 1 Project Management Methodologies Waterfall Agile Scrum Paper Deliverable Length:

1000 words APA Format

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Assignment Objectives:

Demonstrate the significance of the Waterfall, Agile, Scrum, and Kanban approaches to project management.

Differentiate between Waterfall, Agile, Scrum, and Kanban, in terms of processes and application.

Assignment Details:

Describe the scope of work and plan high-level time lines, including key milestones, by using the waterfall and Agile scrum methods, separately, for the following project. (This project will be used throughout all of your IPs and DBs in this course.)

Project Details: An information technology (IT) firm is working on a project to come up with a competing social medial product that provides all of the features provided by an existing social media platform and any other features requested by the marketing team, including specific features for certain user groups. The final product needs to be ready within 1 year.

Consider how this project could be planned and executed using the traditional waterfall method and the Agile scrum method.

The deliverable this week is a Word document of 2–3 pages (about 1,000 words; can include some charts or graphs) to show the high-level time line for each method. The time line for each method should show the difference of functions or characteristics by using different methods. Running Head: PROJECT MANAGEMENT
The Significance of Waterfall, Agile, Scrum and Kanban Approaches to Project Management
Justin Wright
Colorado Technical University
Unit 1 Discussion
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
The traditional waterfall method is a linear software development approach used in the
development of products and software engineering. Its logical progression of steps is related to
the flowing of water over a cliff edge where goals set for each development cannot be revised
after completion (Duprey, 2010).
It is characterized by seven stages that overlap, namely:
1. Preparation of the project which includes analysis of requirements of the project, its
deadlines and guidelines arrange into a functional unit.
2. Analysis of the system specifications aimed to generate product models.
3. Designing of a specification document that outlines the technical design requirements.
4. Development of a source code using models, logic, and requirements used in the prior
stages (Charvat, 2003).
5. Quality assurance, unit system, and beta testing takes place to identify any unresolved
issues.
6. Deployment of the product which at this stage is considered to be fully functional.
7. Indefinite maintenance is carried out to improve the final product.
Advantages of this method include:
1. It is easy to understand and measure as there is prior knowledge of the scope of the
work.
2. Members of the team can shift easily to other projects depending on the phase of the
project.
3. The presence of customers is not required after the requirement phase.
2
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
3
4. Improvement of the team member’s coding habits.
Disadvantages of the method include:
1. If there is an error in the design, the entire process needs to start again.
2. It does not allow to make changes based client feedback during mid-process.
3. Testing is usually up until the end of the life cycle
4. It is not a suitable method for complex or high-risk projects
The agile approach is a team-based development approach which focuses on fast delivery
of product in complete functional components. All tasks are time-boxed into sprints which
usually have a defined duration. Scrum is used as a framework to manage projects. The scrum
software team is left with details of the project since they are able to solve any problems as they
are presented (Schwaber, 2004). Meanwhile, the Kanban method objective is to design, manage
and improve flow systems of a project. As a result, organizations are able to start with their
initial projects and make evolutionary changes to it.
Characteristics of the agile methodology include:
1. Scrum method is very simple and flexible to use.
2. Tested is done throughout the lifecycle.
3. Issues are detected and resolved early
4. Costs and schedules are easily predictable
Advantages of the agile methodology include:
1. A client can give feedback throughout the development project.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
4
2. Through a direct and extensive working relationship with the project team, a
client develops a sense of ownership of the product (Charvat, 2003).
3. A basic version of an application may be released before the full feature set.
4. It allows for more user-oriented development processes.
Disadvantages of agile methodology include:
1. Not all customers may be interested in the participation in the development of the
project.
2. Some delivery items may not be completed within the allocated timeframe.
3. Team members of an agile project may not be closely located which may affect
their close working relationship.
Differences between the waterfall method and the agile method include:
1. The waterfall method has fully specifiable and predictable systems while those of
the agile method is basically adaptive (Charvat, 2003).
2. Control of the waterfall method is process-oriented while that of agile is clientoriented.
3. Waterfall method has a command and control leadership while that of agile is
collaborative.
4. Communication used in the waterfall method is formal while agile use informal
communication.
5
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
References
Charvat, J. (2003). Project Management Methodologies: Selecting, Implementing, and
Supporting Methodologies and Processes for Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &
Sons.
Duprey, R. (2010). Basis for Project Management and Application Development Methodology.
Trafford Publishing.
Schwaber, K. (2004). Agile Project Management with Scrum. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Press.

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